Determination of antioxidative properties of Sambucus nigra extracts

Authors: Dominika Topoľská 1    Katarína Valachová 1    Peter Rapta 2    Stanislav Šilhár 3    Elena Panghyová 3    Anton Horváth 4    Ladislav Šoltés 1   
1 Institute of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia    2 Institute of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Physics, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak Technical University, Bratislava, Slovakia    3 Food Research Institute, Biocenter Modra, Slovakia    4 Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia   
Year: 2014
Section: Biotechnology and Food Technology
Abstract No.: 940
ISBN: 978-80-970712-6-4

We detected potential protective effects of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) extracts against oxidative degradation of hyaluronan (HA) in vitro. To evoke free-radical-mediated HA degradation, we applied Weissberger’s biogenic oxidative system [comprising biogenic compounds in relevant pathophysiological concentrations, i.e. 100 µM ascorbate plus 1 µM Cu(II)], which mimics the situation of acute inflammation. Time- and dose- dependent changes of dynamic viscosity of the HA solutions in the presence and absence of two elderberry extracts produced in years 2006 and 2012 were recorded by rotational viscometry (RV). Radical scavenging capacity of both extracts was investigated by the ABTS assay [ABTS - 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)]. Oxygen consumption of the HA oxidative system in the absence and presence of the elderberry extracts in the HA reaction system was determined.

RV revealed that addition of the newer extract (year 2012) promoted inhibition of HA degradation more markedly compared to the older extract (year 2006). In contrast, a more effective scavenger of ABTS·+ was the older extract (year 2006). The results of oximetry are in accordance with the results of the ABTS assay.

The work was supported by the grant VEGA 2/0011/11 and APVV 0351-10.